FATWA REQUESTS

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Dr. Farghal Ali Islamic Center of Jersey City

January 23   Jersey City, NJ

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Praise be to Allah and peace and blessings be upon our Prophet, His family, His companions and those who follow Him. As to what follows, sale in language is defined by scholars as “swap,” which is swapping money for money lawfully. In Islamic law, it is defined as the transfer of ownership in exchange for compensation in a permissible manner; that is to say that the seller owns the good which ownership is being transferred to the buyer in exchange for money, property, or something else in a permissible way, based on request, reply, and approval. As for the case related to the question, sale is invalid in terms of language and Islamic law because the seller does not own the transported goods, he did not hand it over or received its amount; therefore the sale lacks all its conditions and is invalid. Allah is the Highest and the All-Knowing, and peace and blessings be upon our Prophet, His family and His companions.

الحمد لله والصلاة والسلام على سيدنا رسول الله وعلى اله وصحبه ومن والاه وبعد ، فقد عرف العلماء البيع بانه فى اللغة المبادلة يعنى مبادلة مال بمال على وجه حلال ، وشرعا بأنه نقل الملك بعوض بوجه جائز ، يعنى ان البائع يملك السلعة التى ينقل ملكيتها الى المشترى مقابل عِوَض من مال أو شئ كعقار ونحوه ، بوجه جائز يعنى على صيغة الطلب والاجابة والرضا ، اما فى هذه الحالة موضوع السؤال فالبيع فاسد لغة وشرعا لان البائع لا يملك السلعة المنقولة ولَم يسلمها ولَم يستلم ثمنها ، فالبيع فاقد لشروطه كلها فهو فاسد ولا يجوز والله تعالى اعلى واعلم وصلى الله على سيدنا محمد وعلى اله وصحبه وسلم

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